Cardiovascular exercise, or aerobic exercise, is also referred to as endurance training. Aerobic exercise, often known as cardio exercise, strengthens the heart and lungs while simultaneously working the muscles of the upper and lower bodies and the core.
There are two types of aerobic exercise: high-impact and low-impact.
If you’re too exhausted to walk up a flight of stairs, this is a strong indication that you need more aerobic exercise to help condition your heart and lungs and ensure adequate blood flow to your muscles.
Aerobic exercise also assists in relaxing blood vessel walls, lowering blood pressure, burning body fat, lowering blood sugar levels, reducing inflammation, boosting mood, and increase “good” HDL cholesterol. When combined with weight loss, it can help lower “bad” LDL cholesterol levels. Aerobic exercise reduces your chances of developing heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, breast and colon cancer, depression, and falls over time.
Aim for 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity each week.
Aerobic activity is classified into the following categories:
- rapid walking
- Step aerobics
- machine elliptical
How do I begin exercising?
If you have been inactive for an extended period, you may need to begin cautiously. You can gradually increase your exercise. The more you can accomplish, the better. However, avoid feeling overwhelmed and do what you can. Be sure to consult with your medical professional to obtain the quantity of exercise advised for your age and health.